The research was conducted at the University of Kentucky, using a specific research measure called the Spiritual Transcendence Scale.
Researcher, Jessica Burris, stated:
“I think people have been well aware of the role that religious and spiritual matters play in everyday life for a very long time. But in the research literature, the unique qualities of spirituality, apart from religiousness, are not usually considered.”
These specific qualities are connectedness, universality, and prayer fulfillment. Of these, connectedness was believed to be the reason why women had multiple sexual encounters with multiple partners, and most often without using condoms.
Burris goes on to explain this phenomenon:
“Believing one is intimately tied to other human beings and that interconnectedness and harmony are indispensible may lead one to believe sexual intimacy possesses a divine or transcendent quality in itself. In fact, ascribing sacred qualities to sex has been positively associated with positive affective reactions to sex, frequency of sex, and number of sexual partners among university students.”
The 353 university student participants, of whom 61% were women, were asked to answer a questionnaire regarding their spiritual and religious views, sexual practices, impulsivity and alcohol use.
In regards to spirituality, the participants were asked to choose statements that reflected their own spiritual views, such as “In the quiet of my prayers and/or meditations, I find a sense of wholeness,” and “Although individual people may be difficult, I feel an emotional bond with all of humanity.”
One of the most interesting discoveries from the study was that men, who proclaimed themselves to be spiritual, were not affected sexually, and that they had a decrease in sexual encounters.
The researchers believe that men do not consider spirituality in a sexual connotation, because they biologically don’t view sex as a “gateway to emotional
However, for women, spirituality was the greatest predictor in regards to their frequency of sex, multiple partners and failure to use condoms.
“It is possible female young adults yearn for greater connectedness with other humans. Spirituality, at least for women, could be considered a risk factor,” believes Burris.
Conversely, this raises another question: Are women more sexually active because of their spirituality; or does spirituality itself create an open-minded attitude that manifests itself through sex?
“Research suggests that spirituality provides predictive utility over and above personality traits such as conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness,” explains Burris. “So while it may be the case that spirituality is correlated with other variables that show similar relationships with human sexuality and sexual practices (such as openness to experiences), the relationship we observed, in my opinion, cannot simply be explained away by other variables.”
The October issue of the Journal of Sexual Medicine published a study, conducted at the Women’s Health Program at Monash University in Australia, in which an association was made between a woman’s happiness and her libido.
Approximately 300 women aged between 20 and 65, with half of whom being either pre-menopausal or post-menopausal were surveyed over the course of 28 days.
The participants were instructed to record their daily sexual events, and to also answer a questionnaire focusing on their wellbeing and sexual satisfaction.
The results indicated that more than 140 participants (split equally between the pre- and post-menopausal participants) felt sexually dissatisfied. Those participants that were post-menopausal demonstrated the most differences in overall wellbeing: women who were sexually satisfied scored 84 out of 110 on the questionnaire, whilst dissatisfied women scored only 76.
Women who were pre-menopausal provided similar results, with those women who were sexually dissatisfied scoring lower on vitality and cheerfulness. However the researchers found it difficult to conclude the results:
“The problem with interpreting this finding is that it is impossible to determine if dissatisfied women had lower well-being because they were sexually dissatisfied, or if the reverse is true, such that women who started with lower well-being tended to secondarily have sexual dissatisfaction,” said lead researcher Sonia Davison.
Beyond The Studies
The studies revealed a direct correlation between a woman’s wellbeing and her sexual libido. Davis suggested that this may be due to a variety of
circumstances such as low self-esteem or poor relationships.
However, there are herbal remedies that a woman can take to help naturally increase her libido. One such product is Female Essence. This all-natural supplement has been specifically formulated with a well-known aphrodisiac and sexual stimulant to gently increase a woman’s libido, as well as her self-confidence, by increasing sexual stamina and boosting energy levels. The herbs contained in Female Essence have also been proved to help lower inhibitions and reduce anxiety.
Photo Credit: alicepopkorn