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Latest revision as of 06:02, 21 June 2012
Scars are the remnant of healing process of a wound, cut, burn, acne or any other kind of injury on the skin. For the healing purpose of such an injury the skin produces more collagen to form a layer. Collagen is the layer beneath the visible skin. Thus a scar is nothing but collagen formed in excess to heal the injury. While a scar that is fresh looks red and swollen but overtime it pales down and flattens. They usually take much longer time to mature like 12 to 18 months. Normally scars do not go off quickly but rather some scar usually remains forever.
They usually result from an injury. Also the kind and intensity of scar is dependent on sex, age, gender, genetics and also ethnicity.
Keloid scars are formed as a result if injury and usually grow above the basic injury. Contracture scars are formed when the skin has suffered burns. It may hamper mobility by affecting muscles and the nerves.
Acne scars are left by dried down acne. They usually are permanently visible on the face and appear to have been left by chicken pox.
Signs and Symptoms
They are usually raised, dark and red when they first appear. Gradually the redness faints and the scar becomes flat and pale. Besides the appearance of not so pleasing skin, it may sometimes be accompanied by problems like itching.A scar may also remain on the specific part of injured skin forever.
Any treatmentoptions for the scar to be removed completely are near to impossible. Many over the counter gels and creams are available to improve their appearance so that they are less visible. For the acne scar especially, it is important not to squeeze or tamper with the acne. In doing so there are more chances that a permanent scar will be left.
Some antihistamine and corticosteroids are used for relief from itching scars. For big protruding scars, steroid injection are given to make it pale and flattened. Sometimes scar plasters are also applied to soften, flatten and minimize the scar. Silicone gel sheeting or pressure treating is used to heal and improve the appearance of scars from acne. Collagen injections are also given to treat pitted scars which need more skin to become surfaced and equal with the surrounding area.
The normally available treatments for scars mentioned above and also some advanced techniques like laser treatment and dermabrasion are costly and may be harmful for the skin too.
Hence herbal treatments can be used for long time recovery from scars. Herbs like Galiumaperine (Cleavers) and Trifoliumpratense (red clover) are effective blood purifier and lymphatic cleaner. They boost the recovery from scars. Other homeopathic medicines like Natriummuriaticum, Kaliummuriaticum and Kaliumsulphate are excellent in boosting skin health and promoting its healing naturally and safely. These do not have any side effects and are completely safe for the skin.
It may be impossible to prevent a scar, but few precautions can help from any further damage or in making them worse. It is advisable not to touch often, rub, squeeze or tamper with the scar. In doing so the scar worsens in appearance. Also massaging the infected area and drinking lots of fluid with fresh fruits and vegetables can aid in speedy recovery.